Chapters 1,3,4,5,6: review vocabulary, equations, concepts, section review questions, chapter review questions (red and blue sections)

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Honors Physical – Earth Science 1st Quarter Objectives

1. Represent and analyze the motion of an object graphically.

2. Analyze the velocities of two objects in terms of distance and time (verbally, with diagrams, graphs, and math)

3. Measure and analyze an object’s motion in terms of speed, velocity, and acceleration (verbal, diagram, graph,math)

4. Recognize that inertia is a property of matter that can be described as an object’s tendency to resist acceleration, and is dependent on an object’s mass.

5. Determine the effect (direction and magnitude) of the sum of forces (Fnet) acting on an object.

6. Predict the path of an object when the net force on it changes.

7. Compare the momentum of two objects in terms of mass and velocity

8. Explain that the total momentum remains constant in a system (is conserved)

9. Identify and describe the forces acting on an object (type of force, direction, magnitude in Newtons) using a force diagram.

10. Describe gravity as an attractive force among all objects.

11. Compare and describe gravitational forces between two objects in terms of their masses and the distances between them.

12. Describe weight in terms of the force of a planet’s or moon’s gravity acting on a given mass.

13. Recognize all free falling bodies accelerate at the same rate due to gravity regardless of their mass (only air resistance affects them differently)

14. Using information about net force and mass, determine the effect on acceleration (Newton’s 2nd Law)

15. Identify forces acting on a falling object (weight and air resistance) and how these forces affect the rate of acceleration.

16. Analyze force pairs (action and reaction forces) when given a scenario and describe their magnitudes and directions (Newton’s 3rd Law)

17. Explain orbital motions of moons around planets, and planets around the Sun, as the result of gravitational forces between those objects.

Unit 4 Objectives

1. Relate an object’s gravitational potential energy to its weight (mass x gravity) and height relative to the ground.

2. Relate kinetic energy to an object’s mass and its velocity (verbally and mathematically)

3. Distinguish between examples of kinetic and potential energy

4. Describe the transfer of energy that occurs as energy changes; kinetic - potential energy within a system (a car on a roller coaster track, a child on a swing, a diver jumping from a board)

5. Describe the effect of work on an object’s kinetic and potential energy

6. Classify different ways to store energy (chemical, elastic, thermal, mechanical, electromagnetic, nuclear) and describe the transfer of energy as it changes within a system; losses to thermal, total E present remains constant.